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Big cities will look and feel different post-COVID, but should remain economic drivers in Canada - BMO

TORONTO, Feb. 26, 2021 /CNW/ - Canada's major cities are in the midst of a generational challenge with the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic but are likely to come back steadily as immunity broadens, according to a new report from BMO Economics.

"Some of what we've seen through the pandemic represents the pulling forward of shifts that were going to happen anyway, like the demand for single-detached homes," said Robert Kavcic, Senior Economist, BMO Capital Markets. "Some of it, like remote work, hints at long-term adjustments that will reshape the work environment, but not completely alter it. Meanwhile, some is temporary, leaving hearty pent-up demand in areas like entertainment and recreation.

"The big cities will ultimately remain engines of the Canadian economy," stated Mr. Kavcic.

The report notes a number of trends that have become apparent during the pandemic, which will need to be taken into account by policymakers to ensure cities remain strong.

Good time for governments to invest in transit

Ottawa's recently announced eight year, $14.9 billion program to support public transit infrastructure is encouraging. "Assuming the largest urban centres do in fact come back relatively strong, quality transit should remain a key priority," said Mr. Kavcic. "The current lull in demand is not permanent, and policymakers have a chance to make up some much-needed ground on this front. In fact, consideration could even be given to redirecting some of the massive ongoing fiscal support to an area like transit, that will have longer term productivity- and affordability-enhancing benefits."

Pandemic has accelerated migration trend out of urban centers

Urban population growth has slowed considerably; in the twelve months through July 2020, more than 80,000 people migrated out of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver, on net, to other areas of the respective province. Meanwhile, there were persistent net outward migration flows from the biggest cities to other parts of the province even before the pandemic; those outflows have been steadily increasing since 2014.

"Combined with a steep falloff in international non-permanent residents, this slowed combined population growth in these centres by 0.7 percentage points over the course of 2020," noted Mr. Kavcic. "The pandemic has prodded some temporary movement out of the major cities, while it also likely pulled forward some movement that was eventually going to take place anyway in the years ahead. We don't know how much of the shift is permanent, and how much is temporary, but it's likely a bit of both."

Canadian housing market dynamics profoundly altered by the pandemic

Housing has seen a major impact from the pandemic, with a relative shift in strength from big urban markets to perimeter markets and significant slowing of condo price growth. This reflects a combination of temporary, semi-permanent and permanent factors.

The acute impact of the pandemic has significantly disturbed the economics of the major downtown condo markets. This market will continue to struggle this year, but the temporary nature of these shocks should ultimately allow it to balance itself out in relatively short order.

Meanwhile, a year of lockdowns and travel restrictions have incented an explosion in demand for recreational property and real estate typically outside normal commuting distance. As travel restrictions ease, so should the extraordinary demand for such properties. "However, the ability to work remotely has made the economics of such ownership more appealing," stated Mr. Kavcic. "Ownership of a second property is no longer just a Friday evening-to-Sunday afternoon proposition. As a result, some of the increase in prices will likely stick."

Finally, demographic trends, along with constrained supply (either through geography or policy), have long been creating an environment of strength for single-detached home prices in and around the major cities. "The extent that the pandemic has pulled forward some of the inevitable shift into this segment of the housing market suggests that a good portion of the gains will stick, major changes in interest rates aside," said Mr. Kavcic.

To view the full report, visit:

About BMO Financial Group
Serving customers for 200 years and counting, BMO is a highly diversified financial services provider - the 8th largest bank, by assets, in North America. With total assets of $973 billion as of January 31, 2021, and a team of diverse and highly engaged employees, BMO provides a broad range of personal and commercial banking, wealth management and investment banking products and services to more than 12 million customers and conducts business through three operating groups: Personal and Commercial Banking, BMO Wealth Management and BMO Capital Markets.

SOURCE BMO Financial Group

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